Incidentally, I think Mons Graupius is one of the battles I have refought the most, I think 8 times now. See here for the refight using these rules I did in 2016.
General - Gnaeus Julius Agricola (Average, Steady)
7 bases of Legionaries (Trained, Armoured, Formed)
5 bases of Auxiliaries (Trained, Armoured)
2 bases of Cavalry (Veteran, Formed)
3 bases of Cavalry (Trained, Formed)
1 base of Artillery (Trained, Boltshooters)
Commander - Calgacus (Poor, Rash, Unformed)
3 bases of Chariots (Raw/Elite, Unformed)
3 bases of Light Horse (Raw, Unformed)
1 base of Tribal Foot (Trained, Unformed)
10 bases of Tribal Foot (Raw, Unformed)
3 bases of Skirmishers (Raw, Unformed)
|The Romans (foreground) look up the slopes of Mons Graupius at the Caledonians (top)|
|The Caledonians arrayed for battle. Note the minor deployment changes since the last refight as described above|
|And the Romans|
|The Romans begin by pushing their cavalry wings forward|
|A closer view of the successful Roman cavalry on the left|
|And on the right!|
|Smash! The tribal warriors run screaming into the fray and the Romans are pushed back shaken (*this was the first time I had used such deep Roman formations and I got some things a bit wrong here)|
|The Roman cavalry have polished off the charioteers and light horsemen on the right (top-right)|
|The Roman cavalry on the left-wing has pursued its beaten opponents right to the top, where the Caledonians have dispersed|
|The Roman cavalry on top of the mountain, pursuing|
|As the Romans reform, the Caledonian light horse charges the remaining Romans left-rear|
|The Romans have a bit of a fightback here...|
|But the Romans have an unlucky morale roll as they lose another base in the centre and the army collapses! Victory to the Caledonians...|
Hurrah! A second well-deserved victory for the Caledonians, although this genuinely could have gone either way - a bad morale roll for the Caledonians would have reversed the result on the previous turn, it was touch-and-go.
I was doing the shaken/recoil interaction for deep formations slightly wrong but have now managed to sort things out with the author on the Polemos Yahoo! group. At some point I will update my errata and clarification notes for the various Polemos rules I play and post them.
Jonathan Freitag in the last post queried the realism of the various "columns" achieving different combat outcomes to get that effect where some bits are recoiling one way, some bits the other and that it might be better to calculate the combat in one go. The answer is...I'm not sure. The same thing happened in both Mons Graupius refights so it is clearly something that is going to occur in these rules. It is an interesting difference with the Neil Thomas rules, where there is no retreating or recoiling, and units fight and die where they stand. I'm inclined to think this may be more realistic, in general, although there are times when pushback may have happened. I need to give this more thought. It was a very insightful comment!
Figures by Baccus 6mm and Rapier.